Spousal Violence and its Relation to Self-Compassion in Light of Some Demographic Variables

This study aimed to reveal the relationship between marital violence and self-Compassion, and to specify the differences in spousal violence and self-Compassion, in accordance to some demographic variables. In addition, the study considered the variation in the influencing factors contribution rate to self-Compassion. The study sample included (720) husbands and wives of Saudi and Egyptian spouses, consisting of (324) husbands and (396) wives. To realize the study’s objectives, the researcher developed and used the spousal violence scale with distinct husband and wife versions. The self-Compassion scale (Neff, 2003) was also used, translated to Arabic by Abd Al-Rahman, Ali Al-Amri, Al-Asmi and Al-Dabae (2015). The results indicated a negative relation between the factors of the spousal violence scale and some of the self-Compassion scale factors including self-mercy, general humanity and mental alertness with a significance level (0,01), (0,05). On the other hand, a positive correlation was found between the factors of the spousal violence scale and other self- Compassion factors including autonomy, isolation and excessive autism, with a significance level (0,01), (0,05). The results also indicated that husbands were more violent than wives, and Saudis were more violent than Egyptian. Differences were found in violence scores among respondent couples depending on their education level in favour of the lower level of education. Differences dependent on the number of marriage years were also noticed in favour of shorter marriage periods. In addition, couples’ monthly income also affected the violence scores in favour of low income couples. With respect to the self-Compassion, high scores were noticed among wives compared to husbands. Egyptian respondents scored higher self-Compassion scores compared to Saudis. There were differences in self-Compassion scores depending on respondents’ educational levels in favour to respondents who holding Master and PhD degrees. Self-Compassion score differences were also found depending on the number of marriage years in favour to fifteen years marriage old and more and the monthly income variable in favour of high income couples. Educational level was the most influencing factors on self-Compassion with (85%), followed by the martial relationship with (74,1%), the number of marriage years (68.1%) and finally, the least influencing factor was kinship relationship (62,7%).